Informing adolescents about appropriate and acceptable behaviours, and ways to protect themselves against unwanted and unprotected sex, has proved problematic in Kenya. Education programmes for in and out of school adolescents are lacking, there is controversy around providing services to sexually active adolescents, and a pervasive concern that sexuality education and contraceptive services leads to promiscuity. Unbiased and accurate information and services must be provided if adolescents are to delay becoming sexually active, to resist pressures to engage in non-consensual sex, and to protect themselves against unwanted pregnancies and infections if they do have sex. Moreover, strategies for providing such information and services need to be acceptable to the community and be sustainable over time. In response to this situation, the Population Council's Frontiers in Reproductive Health Program and the Program for Appropriate Technology in Heath (PATH) Kenya office collaborated with three Government of Kenya ministries - the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MOEST), Ministry of Health (MOH), and the former Department of Social Services (now within the Ministry of Gender, Sports, Culture and Social Services (MOGSCSS) - to design and implement a multi-sectoral project with the following goals: To improve knowledge about reproductive health and encourage a responsible and healthy attitude towards sexuality among adolescents; To delay the onset of sexual activity among younger adolescents; To decrease risky behaviours among sexually active adolescents.
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