A 1989 Secondary School Student Health Risk Survey finds that 54% of high school students in the U.S. had HIV education in school. A questionnaire revealed that the majority of students knew the two main modes of HIV transmission (intravenous drug use and unsafe sexual activity).
A brief review of HIV behavioral epidemiology is provided. Factors influencing HIV risk taking and risk reduction and their implications for prevention are discussed. Factors common to HIV interventions with evidence of reduced risk taking behavior are reviewed.
The intent of the document is to provide a fundamental outline of the major issues relating to HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the school environment, including educational efforts and policy principles.