Educating girls has been argued to be a key contributor to a healthier and more affluent nation.
Improvements in childhood nutrition increase schooling and economic returns in later life in a virtuous cycle. However, better nutrition also leads to an earlier onset of menstruation (menarche).
Impact evaluations focused on school absenteeism commonly use school records of untested quality or expensive spot-check data.
Indigenous girls in rural areas live in the most extreme poverty and make up the least educated groups in Peru. These girls face numerous constraints to obtaining an education. Enrollment rates are lower for girls in rural areas, and their grade repetition rates are higher than those for boys.