The provision of life-saving antiretroviral (ARV) treatment has emerged as a key component of the global response to HIV/AIDS, but very little is known about the impact of this intervention on the welfare of children in the households of treated persons.
Africa's Orphaned and Vulnerable Generations: Children affected by AIDS shows how the AIDS epidemic continues to affect children disproportionately and in many harmful ways, making them more vulnerable than other children, leaving many of them orphaned and threatening their survival.
The purpose of this note is to further update the data on teacher deaths in five high HIV prevalence countries, namely Botswana, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania and Zambia.
As the vulnerability of children living in communities affected by HIV/AIDS becomes a clear challenge, governments, international agencies, civil society, neighbourhoods, and families have mobilised to try to tackle the issues these children face.
This Insight is intended to advance the discussion on the impact of HIV and AIDS on children in three key ways: by drawing attention to the situation of children orphaned by AIDS and the limitations of current responses for the realization of their rights; by reviewing the options for the care of
Many international and non-governmental organizations have endorsed The Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS (The Framework), which outlines key strategies and actions. In October 2005, the Unite for Children.
Countries around the world have achieved huge gains in primary education, reaching a world average of 83.8 percent in net primary enrollment. However, large numbers of students still do not complete primary education, and even fewer continue on to secondary school.
Education has been cited by several well-respected sources, including the World Bank, as one of the most important factors in helping to prevent this group from contracting HIV and AIDS.
In 2004, the World Health Organisation's Department of HIV/AIDS and the UK Department for International Development (DfID) supported the Safe Passages to Adulthood programme to develop a joint publication entitled HIV/AIDS prevention and care for especially vulnerable young people: a framewo