A Sourcebook of HIV/AIDS Prevention Programs Volume 2: Education Sector-Wide Approaches is part of a global effort to accelerate the sector's response to HIV/AIDS, particularly in Africa, and reflects the increasing recognition of the role that education has to play in the national response
In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010.
In The Gambia HIV/AIDS is regarded as a major development issue even though its prevalence rate has remained relatively low.
A review was conducted to assess key achievements of the Accelerate Initiative, lessons learned and possible ways forward.
UNESCO's Teacher Training Initiative in Sub-Saharan Africa (TTISSA) is a new 10-year project to improve the quality and teacher training capacities in 46 sub-Saharan countries.
Presently 50% of the adult population is illiterate in 17 of African countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Senegal and Sierra-Leone).
This study does not address the level of implementation of HIV/AIDS education, but the framework and conditions set in policies and curricula for curriculum implementation.
In April 2000 the Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA) initiated an exercise aimed at identifying effective responses by education systems to the effects of HIV/AIDS on the education structures of countries in sub-Saharan Africa.
Participants met in Harare to brief each other on the HIV/AIDS initiatives they are implementing in their regions and to discuss ways to increase collaboration and networking between UNESCO, UNESCO Cluster Offices and UNAIDS Inter-Country Team for Eastern and Southern Africa.
This resource guide is designed to help policy makers and practitioners to access resources and to build on best practices in order to combat HIV and AIDS in the education sector.