This review was undertaken by the Ministry of Education Focal Points for school health and HIV/AIDS from countries in Sub-Saharan Africa participating in the Accelerate Initiative, together with representatives of stakeholders and partners, using data collated during the 2007 school health and HI
This regional situation analysis focuses on the responses to HIV of the education sector within the East African Community region, which covers five partner states - Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania (comprising Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar).
The project on Higher Education Science and Curriculum Reform: African Universities Responding to HIV and AIDS was jointly organized by UNESCO's Regional Bureau for Science and Technology in Africa and African Women in Science and Engineering (AWSE), Nairobi, Kenya.
In 2006 and 2007, UNESCO and AWSE jointly organised a training of trainers workshop for universities in Ghana, Rwanda, Botswana and Kenya.
It is still widely anticipated that the AIDS epidemic will have a devastating impact on the education sector in Africa.
Between December 2006 and May 2007, In-country training of Trainers (ToT) workshops for the integration of HIV and AIDS into the curriculum for engineering, biological and physical sciences were held in Ghana, Rwanda, Botswana and Kenya.
The Sourcebook documents 12 cases in 6 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa - Kenya, Rwanda, Swaziland, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, and Zambia - that represent a wide range of approaches designed to address the educational rights and needs of orphans and vulnerable children.
It is estimated that there are currently around 122,000 teachers in sub- Saharan Africa who are living with HIV, the vast majority of whom have not sought testing and do not know their HIV status.
A Sourcebook of HIV/AIDS Prevention Programs Volume 2: Education Sector-Wide Approaches is part of a global effort to accelerate the sector's response to HIV/AIDS, particularly in Africa, and reflects the increasing recognition of the role that education has to play in the national response
In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010.