Gender and sexuality have long been recognised as key factors affecting the dynamics of the HIV epidemic.
The present review assesses the effects of HIV/AIDS and sexual health education on young people's sexual behaviour.
HIV/AIDS education in schools is often denied to children and young people because the subject is considered too sensitive or controversial to be taught or it is difficult to find a place for it in an already overcrowded school curriculum.
HIV counseling is an important component of HIV/AIDS prevention. Evaluations from Uganda and Rwanda demonstrated this.