Where has all the education gone in Africa? Employment outcomes among secondary school and university leavers.

Case Studies & Research
University of Sussex, Institute of Development Studies
136 p.

This report presents the main findings of an international research project that has evaluated the education and employment experiences of secondary school leavers and university graduates in four African countries - Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. The four countries were also selected because they have or have had very high HIV prevalence rates. Relatively little is known about how the epidemic is impacting on educated labour and the tracer survey provides a rare opportunity to collect quantitative and up-to-date data on mortality among large samples of secondary school and university graduates during the last 10-20 years.The report structure is designed to allow readers to easily navigate to parts of the report that are of particular interest.Chapter twodescribes the tracer survey methodology and reports the survey response rates achieved in each of the four country case studies. The chapter also discusses the major challenges in undertaking a survey of this kind. Chapter 3 provides a broad overview of the activity profiles of secondary school leavers and university graduates as well as key information on access, mortality, and migration. Chapter 4 describes the further education and training activities thatsecondary school and university leavers (SSULs) have undertaken since leaving school and university. Chapter 5 focuses on wage and self-employment activities and Chapter 6 analyses the reasons for and the extent of unemployment among SSULs. The income earned from the employment activities of secondary school leavers and university graduates is analysed in Chapter 7. The opinions of secondary school and university graduates on their schooling experience in light of their further training and employment histories are presented in Chapter 8. Finally, Chapter 9 discusses the key policy lessons which emerge from this research.

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