This assessment is one of UNICEF's contributions to His Majesty's Government of Nepal's National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS (2002-2006) and actions to meet its commitments from the UN General Assembly Special Sessions on HIV/AIDS (June 2001) on Children (May 2002) and the Millenium Development Goals and targets. The overall aim of the national assessment is to provide substance for the development of a national strategy and action plan on children and families affected by HIV/AIDS under the National Strategic Plan 2002-2006. The aim is met through a quantitative and qualitative review of the situation of children affected by HIV/AIDS and the nature of their support mechanisms at family, community, district and national level. In undertaking the assessment, global principles, definitions and experiences from similar work were applied and taken into consideration within the recommendations. Key recommendations from the assessment focus on strengthening capacity of service providers for orphans and other vulnerable children, including: a) Policy and coordination to ensure systems of support are in place for children made vulnerable, including orphans and children affected by HIV and AIDS; b) Support for district level planning and implementation on HIV/AIDS including adequate information systems and information flow; c) Community based mechanisms to identify and provide direct care for orphans and vulnerable children; d) Standards for children in institutions are maintained; e) Strengthen work for vulnerable children, including orphans within UNICEF districts.
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