The education sector, very large cadre of government employees, faces impacts of HIV/AIDS both on supply and demand sides. On the supply side, HIV/AIDS affects education because of the loss of trained teachers and the reduced productivity of relevant personnel (teachers, administrators, management, etc.) through illness, caring for infected family members, and participation in funerals. On the demand side, school enrolment of rural children may be affected by distressed household situations where children may be required to care for ailing parents and help with agriculture and domestic tasks in order to overcome household labour shortages. This working paper presents the findings of the ministerial seminar that was held in Addis Ababa, on September 7-9, in 2005.
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