The global HIV and AIDS epidemic has affected sub-Saharan Africa more than any other region in the world. AIDS deaths in sub-Saharan Africa account for 72% of AIDS deaths worldwide.
In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010.
Despite the magnitude and dire consequences of the growing number of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in South Africa, and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa, there is insufficient documentation of the strategies deployed to improve the well-being of these children.
In response to the AIDS epidemic and poverty, the Zimbabwean government and other organisations are implementing various programmes aimed at assisting orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in the eight districts surveyed.
The Theatre for a Change Teacher Training HIV Needs Assessment Survey was carried out in June, 2008, in Malawi's nine Teacher Training Colleges (TTCs) and the teacher training department of Mzuzu University.
In 2007, a nine-country study in East and Southern Africa was commissioned to map involvement and define roles and responsibilities of civil society in expanded national AIDS responses to orphans and children made vulnerable by AIDS.
A study conducted in KwaZulu Natal suggests that utilizing trained youth caregivers is a feasible approach for reaching orphans and vulnerable children with HIV prevention education and support.
Much is going well with the effort to provide universal primary education in Sub-Saharan Africa.
In South Africa HIV and Aids threaten the world of education if one only looks at prevalence rates. Approximately 5,41 million people in the country are living with HIV and Aids, of whom 257900 are children up to the age of 14.
This is a working paper for discussion within the Regional Inter-Agency Task Team on Children Affected by HIV AIDS in the West and Central African Region (RIATT/CABA-WCAR).