IZA - Institute of Labor Economics

Case Studies & Research
Case Studies & Research | 2024

Peer effects on violence: experimental evidence from El Salvador

Globally, 150 million adolescents report being victims of or engaging in peer-to-peer violence in and around school. One strategy to reduce this risk is to occupy youth in afterschool programs (ASP). Yet, the question remains: how does peer group composition affect the effectiveness of an ASP?

Case Studies & Research
Case Studies & Research | 2023

Life-cycle effects of comprehensive sex education

Sex education can impact pupils’ sexual activity and convey the social norms regarding family formation and responsibility, which can have significant consequences to their future.