Educating girls has been argued to be a key contributor to a healthier and more affluent nation.
Improvements in childhood nutrition increase schooling and economic returns in later life in a virtuous cycle. However, better nutrition also leads to an earlier onset of menstruation (menarche).
Impact evaluations focused on school absenteeism commonly use school records of untested quality or expensive spot-check data.
Management of menstruation can present substantial challenges to girls in low-income settings.
This dispatch aims to share lessons learned from the process of developing instruments to measure school participation, stress, and self-efficacy – outcomes that qualitatively link to girls’ experiences managing menstruation in school.
The UK is one of the richest countries in the world.