The Caribbean region has the second highest prevalence of HIV infection in the world after sub-Saharan Africa. Extensive population mobility and the very limited capacity of many Caribbean countries to respond to AIDS, combined with a realization that AIDS seriously threatens the economic and social well being of the region, led national and regional partners to join with international organizations in the Pan Caribbean Partnership Against HIV/AIDS (PANCAP). Formation of the Partnership was possible because AIDS was identified as a political priority by heads of government and other leaders who realized that jointly investing in the fight against AIDS could reduce future costs and bring important social benefits to all countries of the region.Since its establishment in 2001, PANCAP has raised the political profile of AIDS in the Caribbean region, mobilized significant new resources to fight AIDS, established the structure to facilitate collaboration, and has now embarked on the journey of concrete joint action for an accelerated response to AIDS. This study summarizes information about why and how PANCAP was created and what its accomplishments and challenges have been, draws out the lessons learned, and discusses the applicability of the PANCAP model to other regions. It will be of interest to decision makers in other regions of the world who may be considering the potential benefits of developing a regional AIDS partnership. As well, the document should help PANCAP to reflect on its successes, better understand its challenges and chart the way forward.
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