Education including life skills-based education has a positive role to play in contexts where messages have been accurate, HIV education coverage in schools has been high, and implementation has been sustained and to scale. At best however – and importantly – school-based HIV education is just one component of what UNAIDS calls combination HIV prevention, in which a range of actions provide a comprehensive mix of approaches. HIV education remains work in progress. What is required is a better set of indicators to measure progress which can be easily put into operation by Ministries of Education. Recommendations are made to this effect.
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